托福阅读中最常用的偏义词及例句

2016-11-10编辑: Hosea来自: 互联网

  托福阅读中会出现一些词很多同学读不懂、没见过,下面小编为大家总结了阅读考试中最常用的偏义词及例句,希望对考生有所助益。

  1.current   a.现在的 n.流

  It is estimated that at current withdrawal rates, much of the aquifer will run dry within 40 years.(TPO3)

  Critical.

  First, a channel, or path, is formed that connects the cloud and the ground Then a strong current of electrons follows that path from the cloud to the ground, and it is that current that illuminates the channel as the lightning we see. (18)

  This fact was of enormous value in helping the national economies find their niches in the evolving currents of the international economy. (18)

  Debris thrown into the atmosphere by an asteroid collision would presumably contain large amounts of iridium, and atmospheric currents would carry this material all over the globe.(15)

  2.promise  vt. 给人以…的希望或指望      Promising  a.有前途的,有希望的

  Somewhat more promising have been recent experiments for releasing capillary water (water in the soil) above the water table by injecting compressed are into the ground.(3)

  Three other explanations seem more promising.(6)

  Marco Polo, of the willingness of people in China to trade with Europeans and of the immensity of the wealth to be gained by such contact made the idea irresistible Possibilities for trade seemed promising, but no hope existed for maintaining the traditional routes over land A new way had to be found.(17)

  Recent measurements made in the field together with laboratory simulations offer a promising explanation of how this structure of charged particles forms.(18)

  3.study

  According to paragraph 6, what did ecologists mainly study when the ecosystem concept was the dominant paradigm?(19)

  To illustrate the importance of studying the brain(12)

  4.capital   n.首都,资本,资源

  Considering human capital as a characteristic of the population, however, all four countries were advantaged by the large percentages of their populations who could read and write.(18)

  Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland, is entirely heated by geothermal energy derived from volcanic heat.(21)

  Increased capital was required for the production of goods, for storage, for trade, and for the provision of credit throughout of Europe as well as distant markets overseas.(10)

  5.game   n.猎物

  These people exploited the landscape intensively, foraging on hill slopes for wild cereal grasses and nuts, while hunting gazelle and other game on grassy lowlands and in river valleys.(20)

  But in that period, when getting food no longer depended on hunting large game animals (because they were becoming extinct), the art ceased to focus on portrayals of animals. (4)

  6.film  n.影片,薄层

  According to paragraph 1, which of the following is the most significant development in the history of film?(12)

  Another type of fossilization, known as carbonization, occurs when soft tissues are preserved as thin film of carbon.(20)

  Surface tension is not strong enough to retain drops of water in rocks with large pores but it strong enough to hold on to thin films of water in rocks with small pores.(1)

  7.quarters   n.住处;四分之一     headquarters 总部,指挥部

  Given all the disadvantages of living in aggregated towns, why did people in the thirteenth century move into these closely packed quarters?(24)

  The largest terrestrial planet, Earth has a diameter only one quarter as great as the diameter of the smallest Jovian planet, Neptune, and its mass is only one seventeenth as great.(16)

  8.critical   a.批评的,决定性的,危急的

  In Texas, a great deal of attention is being paid to genetic engineering because it is there that the most critical situation exists.(3)

  Whether people can remember an event depends critically on the fit between the way in which they earlier encoded the information and the way in which they later attempt to retrieve it.(6)

  Maturation of the frontal lobes of the brain continues throughout early childhood, and this part of the brain may be critical for remembering particular episodes in ways that can be retrieved later.(6)

预约雅思/托福水平在线测试
获取0元体验课程

  • 2017雅思阅读
  • 2017雅思备考
  • 2017雅思口语
  • 2017雅思听力
  • 2017托福备考