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“平民化”的雅思写作构思法

2019-04-22编辑: 来自:

众所周知,雅思大作文的考察形式有两种,一种是议论文,一种是报告。而困扰中国考生的就是议论文的写作,一个字:难。议论文写作难点在哪,简单归纳来说:第一,需要有一个严谨的逻辑来写出一篇紧凑的文章;第二,议论文最重要的两个,论点和论证的构思,往往因为没有方法而让人摸不着头脑。如果是没有一个目的漫无天际地构思吧,很容易写着就跑题,而要是一味地背机经中的观点吧,总也担心自己考试的时候命中的概率不是那么高。所以很多考生都希望写作老师能够给予一些有效的构思方法,能帮助他们在考场中所向披靡。在这里,我为大家准备了一个“平民化”的构思分论点的方法,之所以说他“平民化”,是因为即使是写作基础很一般的考生,在上考场前准备好这个方法,也能在分论点的构思上高人一筹。这个方法就是18个原则法:technology and efficiency,mind and education,science and crime,time and space,right and responsibility,employment and competition,culture and population, money and fun. 但是同学们不是只记忆这几个单词就够了,毕竟在考试中,我们不是要把一个单词给考官,而是要把由单词所能联想到的短语和词组,组成句子和文章,展现给考官,因为,下面收录了一些根据雅思大作文高频话题总结的常见词组,供大家拓展思维。

technology& efficiency,

1. promote the development of

2.boost efficiency/productivity

3.widen the gap between the wealthy and the needy

4.be overly dependent on technology

Mind & Education

1.relax their bodies and ease their minds

2.relieve one’s financial/academic/psychological burden

3.team from their parents

4.stifle creativity/imagination

5.find A monotonous and unmotivating

science&crime,

1.keep society safe and stable

2.curb the proliferation of crime

3.drive up the crime rate

time&space,

1. be less time-consuming and more economical

2.diminish individual’s leisure time

right&responsibility,

1.have a duty/obligation to

2.pose a threat to

environment,health,

1.raise people’s awareness of

2.have a definite link between A and B

3.spin out of control

4.have a detrimental influence on

employment&competition,

1.enrich one’s experience

2.generate employment opportunities

3.fulfill one’s professional potential

4.has the inherent advantages of competition

5.the competition is increasingly stiff

culture&population,

1.remove the barriers for cultures

2.promote the cultural communication and interaction between A and B

3.cause tension and conflicts between A and B

4.the population is booming

money&fun

1. be benefit from

2.invest in

3.live in poverty/misery/frustration/anxiety

4. sth is a money-consuming task.

5. sth exerts a heavy financial burden on whom.

6. large sums of money are needed to do what.

比如,对于这道大作文题目,Should Smoking Be Banned in All Public Places?我们就能用18个单词来构思正反两方的观点。首先,如果是觉得应该被禁止的,可以从Health角度写,词组可以写成smoking has a detrimental influence on physical health;还可以从money角度写, 词组可以用成smoking is money-consuming. 而如果你是不同意smoking 应该被禁止的话,也同样可以用这18个单词去构思,第一个就是根据money这个单词联想到的整个国家或者社会的money,也就是economy,抽烟是有利于国家经济发展的,smoking can boost economy.因为它带来大量的税收(tax revenue))第二,烟草工业的存在还能解决就业问题generate employment opportunities,第三,抽烟尽管危害身体健康,但是对人们的心理是有帮助的。可以从relax their bodies and ease their minds 出发写。

经多个题目验证,这18个单词所能拓展的词组和短语,能够在构思过程中给予大家绝大多数的灵感,也就是说,一篇文章中所需要的正反两方共6个观点中,用这个方法能构思出来的观点,至少有一半以上。这大大缩短的同学们在考试时因为构思而需要的时间,减轻了因为构思不足而导致的考试焦虑心情。


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