雅思数字图表基本句式

2017-10-12编辑: Joey来自: 环球教育整理

参加雅思考试的同学们经常对文章的语法错误避之不及,其中很大的原因是在造句过程中,对于基本句式的理解和掌握不够,出现了很多用中文观点生硬翻译的句子,也就造成了文章中成分的大量错误问题,那么关于数字图表题,使用怎样的句式才能避免错误呢?我们一起来看:

1.S+V主谓结构

大部分描述趋势变化的动词都是不及物动词,比如上升increase,下降decline,波动fluctuate等等,因此,主谓结构的句子最能稳稳地保证语法表述的正确性。

例如:The number of students has increased from 3,000 in 2000 to 4,500 in 2015.

The amount of money spent on travelling has fluctuated within these ten years.

当然同学们在使用中注意时态和对应数字的添加,保证信息和语言的精准性

2.THERE BE结构

There be句型是大家经常使用的基本句式,在小作文的趋势描述中,这也是很稳妥的一种表现形式,比如:

There was a decrease in the energy consumption in 1998.

There has been a fluctuation in the world population since 2010.

同样,在使用there be句型中,同学们要注意时态的选择和单词的名词拼写。

3.被动语态

被动语态在小作文中是一剂良药,可以给平淡的语言增添一些新鲜感,而且被动语态的好处也体现在可以在句子中添加从句和分词等高级结构,让语法增色。比如:

An increase can be seen in the price of cellphone, which has been climbing from $5,000 to $5,600 within the five years.

A growth in the tuition fees can be noticed, rising from $8,000 per person per year up to $10,000 per person per year.

以上三个基本句式针对于小作文的数字图表描述非常重要,当然,主谓宾的句子和主系表的句子也可以在一定的情况下在这里使用,大家在这些基本句式的前提下,注意好句子中对应的时态选择和主语,并且多多添加数字单位,这样就可以把有效信息正确的呈现出来。后边给大家列举一些常见的句子:

1.the table shows the changes in the number of...over the period from...to... 该表格描述了在...年之...年间...数量的变化。

2.the bar chart illustrates that... 该柱状图展示了...

3.the graph provides some interesting data regarding... 该图为我们提供了有关...有趣数据。

4.the diagram shows (that)... 该图向我们展示了...

5.the pie graph depicts (that).... 该圆形图揭示了...

6.this is a cure graph which describes the trend of... 这个曲线图描述了...的趋势。

7.the figures/statistics show (that)... 数据(字)表明...

8.the tree diagram reveals how... 该树型图向我们揭示了如何...

9.the data/statistics show (that)... 该数据(字)可以这样理解...

10.the data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that... 这些数据资料令我们得出结论...

11.as is shown/demonstrated/exhibited in the diagram/graph/chart/table... 如图所示...

12.according to the chart/figures... 根据这些表(数字)...

13.as is shown in the table... 如表格所示...

14.as can be seen from the diagram, great changes have taken place in... 从图中可以看出,...发生了巨大变化。

15.from the table/chart/diagram/figure, we can see clearly that...or it is clear/apparent from the chart that... 从图表我们可以很清楚(明显)看到...

16.this is a graph which illustrates... 这个图表向我们展示了...

17.this table shows the changing proportion of a & b from...to... 该表格描述了...年到...年间a与b的比例关系。

18.the graph, presented in a pie chart, shows the general trend in... 该图以圆形图形式描述了...总的趋势。

19.this is a column chart showing... 这是个柱型图,描述了...

20.as can be seen from the graph, the two curves show the fluctuation of... 如图所示,两条曲线描述了...的波动情况。

21.over the period from...to...the...remained level. 在...至...期间,...基本不变。

22.in the year between...and... 在...年到...期间...

23.in the 3 years spanning from 1995 through 1998... 1995年至1998三年里...

24.from then on/from this time onwards... 从那时起...

25.the number of...remained steady/stable from (month/year) to (month/year). ...月(年)至...月(年)...的数量基本不变。

26.the number sharply went up to... 数字急剧上升至...

27.the percentage of...stayed the same between...and... ...至...期间...的比率维持不变。

28.the figures peaked at...in(month/year) ...的数目在...月(年)达到顶点,为...

29.the percentage remained steady at... 比率维持在...

30.the percentage of...is sightly larger/smaller than that of... ...的比例比...的比例略高(低)。

31.there is not a great deal of difference between...and... ...与...的区别不大。

32.the graphs show a threefold increase in the number of... 该图表表明...的数目增长了三倍。

33....decreased year by year while...increased steadily. ...逐年减少,而...逐步上升。

34.the situation reached a peak(a high point at) of[%]. ...的情况(局势)到达顶(高)点,为...百分点。 35.the figures/situation bottomed out in... 数字(情况)在...达到底部。

36.the figures reached the bottom/a low point/hit a trough. 数字(情况)达到底部(低谷)。

37.a is ...times as much/many as b. a是b的...倍。

38.a increased by... a增长了...

39.a increased to... a增长到...

40.high/low/great/small/ percentage. 比低高(低)

41.there is an upward trend in the number of... ...数字呈上升趋势。

42.a considerable increase/decrease occurred from...to... ...到...发生急剧上升。

43.from...to...the rate of decrease slow down. 从...到...,下降速率减慢。

44.from this year on,there was a gradual decline/reduction in the...,reaching a figure of... 从这年起,...逐渐下降至...

45.be similar to... 与...相似

46.be the same as... 与...相同

47.there are a lot similarities/differences between...and... ...与...之间有许多相似(不同)之处

48.a has something in common with b a于b有共同之处。

49.the difference between a and b lies in... a与b之间的差别在于...

50...(year)witnessed/saw a sharp rise in... ...年...急剧上升。


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