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雅思阅读与听力出现的重要考点

2018-05-14编辑: 长安来自: 环球教育

  熟悉雅思考试的小伙伴们应该有所了解,并列考点贯穿于雅思阅读、听力考试。

  并列结构这个考点虽小但意义非凡,首先我们来回想一下表示并列结构的词或短语有哪些,最为常见的有and, also, or, as well as, not only…but also等。那应用到雅思考题里,并列考点会如何出题,我们来看以下几个例子。


  雅思阅读 - 并列考点

  例题1:

  The territory of Nunavut consists of little more than ice, rock and a few____.   C6T1P3

  原文:Nunavut is 1.9 million square kilometers of rock and ice, and a handful of islands around the North Pole. 这道题我们读题时可以看出来是个并列考点题,根据已知信息ice, rock去原文对应到相关句子,然后得出另一个并列信息点islands,所以这题答案为islands。

  例题2:

  Positive results could be produced by factors such as _____ or ______.  C8T1P3

  原文:There were many other ways of getting positive results. These ranged from "sensory leakage" - where clues about the pictures accidentally reach the receiver - to outright fraud.

  这题属于高难度并列点考题,首先题目出现A or B的并列结构,我们根据positive results先定位到相关句子,原文有个隐藏结构range from A to B(范围从A到B),中间破折号是在解释前面引号里的词,那么我们就可以得出答案是sensory leakage和outright fraud。

  雅思听力 - 并列考点

  例题1:Where does Circus Romano perform?   (C4T3S2)

  A.in a theatre

  B.in a tent

  C.in a stadium

  原文:The first is the Circus Romano from Italy. As this is a travelling circus, it follows a long tradition by performing in a marquee - which is really like a canvas portable building, usually put up in a green space or car park, rather than in a theatre or stadium.

  这题根据题干信号词Circus Romano定位到相应句子,正向听答案我们能听到一个答案词marquee(大帐篷),但是这个词大多数同学都是不认识的,这时候并列关系就要起大作用了,我们往后会听到theatre和stadium由rather than引出,听力单选题中有两个选项同时提到可以并列排除,所以此题答案为B。

  例题2:The Semira Region has a long tradition of   (C7T3S2)

  A.making carpets

  B.weaving blankets

  C.carving wood

  原文:The area has been famous for centuries for making beautiful carpets, although recently there has been a trend to move into weaving blankets and wood carving.

  这题同样地making carpets单独出现,后面weaving blankets和wood carving并列出现,可以打包排除,得出答案为A。

  以上我们总结一下,我们可以发现并列考点在阅读和听力中都会涉及,所以大家一定要把握住这个考点,熟悉并列考点的出题方式和应用。

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