环球教育在线测试系统

托福考试中推断题的正确打开方式

2018-09-05编辑: 长安来自: 环球教育

  苏州环球教育老师认为在托福考试中,考生们不仅仅要思考文本的词意层面,因为托福听力和阅读部分的几种理解问题并不是基于词汇层面的文本含义考察(not literal);这些问题就是推断题(Inference question)。推断题要求考生猜测(make guesses),预判(predictions)或者根据听力和阅读文本信息中未明确总结的信息给出总结(draw conclusions)。


  有几种不同类型的信息可以从文本中推断出来,托福听力阅读中,主要包含如下三种:

  1.factual information not stated directly

  问题形式

  What information can you guess based on what you have heard or read?

  What conclusions can you draw?

  2.The speaker/author's purpose

  问题形式

  Why is the speaker/author making this statement?

  What does the speaker/author want the listener/reader to do?

  3.The speaker/author's attitudes or beliefs

  问题形式

  How does the speaker/author feel about the situation?

  Does the speaker /author believe something is true or false?

  How certain is the speaker/author?

  做好推断的关键点

  1.语境context(谁?who the people are ?在哪里?where they are?发生了什么?what is happening?)

  2.词汇选择word choice(说话人/作者选择使用哪些词?Which words the speaker/author chooses to use?)

  3.(Listening only)语调和重读 Intonation and tone of voice (how a speaker say something)

  举例:e.g. TPO 22 L 4 before that, organs could mimic a number of instruments replace live orchestras --Q33- 推断题- 关键词-organ

  -(教授重读 one)ONE musician to play an organ- 因此,强调音乐人( musicians) 因为只需要一个人演奏organ,工作机会减少

  语境 context- musicians 的工作机会

  词汇选择word choice - one musician to play

  语调和重度intonation and tone -ONE

  What does the professor imply about the use of organs to accompany silent films?

  A.The audience preferred organ music over other types of music

  B.Organs were too expensive for many theater owners.

  C.It delayed the introduction of recorded music in theaters.

  D.It led to a loss of employment for many musicians.

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